Each menstrual cycle comes with the shedding of the endometrium— the inner lining of the uterus. Then comes the stage when this lining starts building up for the next cycle. Sometimes, it starts growing abnormally and the growth starts touching upon the ovaries, bowel and the fallopian tubes. If it gets worse, the growth can also spread behind the female reproductive tract. This condition is known as endometriosis.
According to some reports, “Endometriosis affects about 3% to 10% reproductive-aged women.” The condition can be examined though laparoscopy, wherein the abdomen is examined with a camera, followed by collecting a sample of the suspicious growth.
The exact cause of this condition remains undetermined till date. However there are some vague ideas regarding this:
- Retrograde menstruation can be a plausible cause for endometriosis. It involves menstrual flow through the fallopian tubes and other pelvic regions.
- In cases of endometriosis spreading from the uterus to other parts like the brain, lungs and knees, it is possible that the endometrial cells have traveled to these parts through the lymphatic system.
- The cells lining the inner side of your abdomen are known as peritoneal cells. These cells can convert into endometrial-like cells that cause endometriosis.
- There could also be genetic factors associated with the condition. For instance, if you have got a relative suffering from it, you might get it too.
- Your immune system might be weak enough to recognize and kill the endometrial cells growing beyond the boundaries of the uterus. Join a f1 championship standings
Usually, an undignified amount of pain is experienced around the pelvic regions. Yes, you heard that right, endometriosis pain is worse than your usual menstrual pain. Some of the other symptoms are:
- unprecedented bleeding during periods
- pain during intercourse
- pain during urination and bowel movements
You might mistake some of these symptoms to be the usual problems you face during your periods. Don’t take such things too lightly if you feel uncomfortable for long.
Don’t languish in discomfort for too long. Try out these home remedies that will slowly ease out the above symptoms:
Bathing in warm water, using heating pads and drinking warm water can help in easing out those annoying cramps a bit. Heat treatment soothes the pelvic muscles and the pain due to endometriosis.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
Drugs like ibuprofen, naproxen decrease the pain effectively. Consume them after having a meal. Use them only for a week or so.
- Castor oil
This magic oil is the best shortcut to relieving endometriosis. Massage your abdomen with this oil to calm those muscles screaming with pain. You can also combine this oil with lavender oil for better relief.
Take advantage of turmeric’s anti-inflammatory properties by dumping one spoonful in warm water. Add ginger powder, some honey and lemon juice to the mixture. Consume it thrice a day to ease the symptoms. Research has proven that “turmeric inhibits endometrial growth.”
- Anti-inflammatory foods
Anti-inflammatory foods like green leafy vegetables, blueberries, broccoli, celery, ginger, chia seeds, salmon can go a long way in deteriorating endometriosis. These foods won’t provide super-fast relief, but you will notice subtle changes overtime. Avoid frozen or pre-packaged foods, alcohol, caffeine dairy products, etc.
Massage the pelvic area with some soothing lavender oil a little before your periods. Do this daily for about 10-15 minutes. Doing pelvic massages during the menstrual phase will only exaggerate your symptoms.
- Ginger tea
Nausea is another symptom of endometriosis. Ginger tea packets are available in many stores, so you can easily purchase them and add them in warm water. Drinking this tea will lessen nausea to a large extent.
When should I visit a doctor?
The above remedies will provide you with temporary relief. You might be unaware of the severity of the problem, so it’s best to see a doctor before your symptoms take a turn for the worse. Your doctor will conduct an ultrasound that will help him give you the best treatment. Remember that endometriosis affects fertility, do you might want to discuss this with your doctor if you are planning to have kids.
Treatments that doctors usually recommend are:
- pain medications
- hormone therapy
- surgical removal of endometrial tissue
- Hysterectomy which means removing the uterus surgically.
The severity of endometriosis remains different from person to person. This condition can be controlled to a certain extent with some home therapies, but its always better to consult a doctor at the earliest.